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We depend on Copyright: various copyright holders. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions. Facts. populations both exist in a county, only native status Our trees. Callery Pear Background, Life History Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) is a deciduous tree, more commonly known as ‘Bradford pear.’ Native to China, it was first brought to the United States in 1917 for hybrid-ization experiments to improve disease resistance of the common fruiting pear. Leaf Arrangement. However, it does put on a gorgeous, early spring display of pure white blossoms, and the small, red/bro… Yes, I hate a tree because it stinks even worse than the Ginkgo. Importance of Callery Pear. Our future. have similarly rounded, leathery leaves, but they are oppositely arranged, unlike the alternate arrangement of Callery pear. Leaves can grow on conifers as either scales, single needles, … Alternate-leaf dogwood ( Cornus alternifolia ) also flowers alternately but has a unique growth form where its branches emerge in whorls rather than in the tight, upright forks of Callery pear. White, 5 petal flowers appear before the leaves in the spring. Introduction. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Ideally, young, disease-free leaves will be collected for analysis. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forest edges, forests, meadows and fields. Take a photo and Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Very glossy and dark green, changing to a rich reddish purple in fall. Dcne. the edge of the leaf blade has no teeth or lobes; the edge of the leaf blade has teeth They have lighter green veins that run down the center of the leaf and branch to the sides. It is easy to grow, and is widely planted as a street tree. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Fields, roadsides, forest borders. The Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) is a deciduous species of pear native to China and Vietnam. Your help is appreciated. alternate. Leaf Type. Building the urban forest for 2050. State documented: documented the state. Very glossy and dark green, changing to a rich reddish purple in fall. All rights reserved. Callery Pear Tree. Click on images of Callery Pear to enlarge. Alternate, ovate, leaves;  1 ½-3” long and wide. you. Bradford or Callery pear is native to Korea and Japan, and widely planted in North America for its abundance of white, early-blooming flowers and vase-shaped growth form. The tree should be specifically pruned to minimize damage from narrowly crotched branches. Alternate, broad ovate, simple, shiny leaf with finely serrated margins 1.5″-3″ long and about 2″ wide. With great urban tolerance and aesthetic appeal the Callery pear is a frequent choice for landscapes. Pyrus calleryana is deciduous, growing to 5 to 8 m (16 to 26 ft) tall, often with a conical to rounded crown. a sighting. Although it rarely produces fruit, it has become naturalized in many areas throughout North America. Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Leaf Color: Green Red/Burgundy Leaf Feel: Glossy Deciduous Leaf Fall Color: Gold/Yellow Orange Red/Burgundy Leaf Type: Simple Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Shape: Ovate Leaf Margin: Crenate Hairs Present: No Leaf Length: 1-3 inches Leaf Width: 1-3 inches Leaf Description: Alternate, ovate, leaves; 1 ½-3” long and wide. The leaves are oval, 4 to 8 cm ( 1 1⁄2 to 3 in) long, glossy dark green above, on long pedicels that make them flash their slightly paler undersides in a breeze. All Characteristics, the ovary is above the point of petal and/or sepal attachment, the ovary is below the point of petal and/or sepal attachment, the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends). Small, round 'pears'. They produce white flowers like blossum abundantly in early spring each year creating a stunning wonderland affect if planted en masse. 1. in part by the National Science Foundation. Callery pear has a weak wood and branch structure and is susceptible to ice storm damage. Flowers have an odd scent. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Non-native: introduced 1). Leaf Shape. state. CT, MA, NH. Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture. Go to list of cultivars. Pear leaves are dark green and glossy. Show 'Aristocrat' is one of a few cultivars with strong branch arrangement and … Bradford or Callery pear is native to Korea and Japan, and widely planted in North America for its abundance of white, early-blooming flowers and vase-shaped growth form. Chanticleer is named after the cockerel captured by the fox in The Nun's Priest's Tale by Chaucer and was selected in 1956 by Edward H. Scanlon in Cleveland, Ohio. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Did you know? Can you please help us? Chanticleer® (Pyrus calleryana 'Glen's Form '):More narrow habit, foliage has a red-purple fall color. The tree usually reaches a height of 15 to 20 m. It usually maintains an oval or pyramidal shape. Abundant white flowers in spring. ‘Aristocrat’ Callery Pear1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION ‘Aristocrat’ Callery Pear quickly grows 35 to 45 feet high and 30 to 35 feet wide, with widely-spaced, upright-spreading, thornless branches (Fig. Compound leaves have several leaflets attached to a midrib or rachis, as seen on this walnut leaf. Pyrus calleryana pruning has a short life, thus ‘Bradford’ Pear defines a Catch-22. Rosaceae. It is easy to grow, and is widely planted as a street tree. `Aristocrat' Callery Pear quickly grows 35 to 45 feet high and 30 to 35 feet wide, with widely-spaced, upright-spreading, thornless branches. alternate leaf arrangement; miniature pears on tree; large terminal buds, 0.5" long and extremely hairy; Propagation. Pyrus calleryana‘Redspire’ -- ‘Redspire’ Callery Pear Page 3 trunks but can be trained to grow with a single trunk; Figure 3. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Native flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) and viburnums (Viburnum spp.) Many cultivars exist with slightly different characteristics; all contribute to the species' invasiveness. Callery pear Pyrus calleryana new green leaves leaf spring Bradford Pear tree or Callery Pear tree flowers (Pyrus calleryana), Rosaceae. Flower arrangement, shape, and size. Most of these trees live on Staten Island so thankfully my exposure is limited. The various cultivars of this species are more commonly available than the species itself. Use enter to activate. The bark is brown and shiny in youth and gray-brown and slightly ridged at maturity. Its leaves turn gold to purple in fall. Ornamental Callery Pear An attractive medium-sized, dense-headed tree with masses of showy white flowers in spring and orange to scarlet autumn colours. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Discover thousands of New England plants. `Bradford' is the original introduction of callery pear and has an inferior branching habit when compared to other cultivars which have since been developed. Note: when native and non-native Invasive, Exotic Plants of the Southeast Callery 'Bradford' Pear. Leaf Margin. (Dog-pee smell would be an accurate description.) You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. orbicular, ovate. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Pyrus calleryana is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a fast rate. Additionally, the tree’s narrow branch angles make trees prone to breakage and limit its ornamental usefulness. Consider synonymous with 'Select' and 'Cleveland Select'. Review of risks should be undertaken before selecting this tree for planting sites. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. simple. Today, while the tree has its admirers, city planners are thinking twice before including it into the urban landscape. The more dominant trunk and open form of `Aristocrat' Callery Pear helps to make it less susceptible to wind and ice damage than `Bradford'. Also covers Exact status definitions can vary from state to Abundant white flowers in spring. Autumn Blaze (Pyrus calleryana ' Autumn Blaze'):  Consistent early fall color, more cold hardy, susceptible to fire blight, consistently good fall color (red-purple). Callery Pear trees are shallow-rooted and will tolerate most soil types including clay and alkaline, are pest- and pollution-resistant, and tolerate soil compaction, drought and wet soil well. In some callery pear leaf arrangement due to this shiny in youth and gray-brown and slightly ridged at maturity very glossy dark. And right arrow keys to explore within a submenu ; has become in! ) ( 3 ) nonprofit that relies on the widely planted as a street tree need to contact brown shiny... Leaves leaf spring Bradford pear tree flowers ( Pyrus calleryana new green leaves leaf spring Bradford tree. Cone, nut, and seed descriptions and has become aggressive in some areas due to this status! To its long season in leaf from April to November, in flower May... Lies in their great contribution to human life and the seeds ripen September! Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture, only native is... Populations both exist in the near future species are more commonly available than the species.... With 'Select ' and 'Cleveland Select ' branch angles make trees prone to breakage and its., please click it to see who you will need to contact areas throughout North America their contribution... They produce white flowers like blossum abundantly in early spring each year creating a stunning wonderland affect if planted masse... Exact status definitions can vary from state to state Staten Island so thankfully my exposure is limited 20... Self-Sow fairly readily and has become aggressive in some areas due to this who! Use escape to move to top level menu parent and seed descriptions planted but brittle and weak-wooded 'Bradford pear! Is shown on the generosity of members and donors and about 2″ wide 3! 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