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Estimating production cost at $50 per ton and assuming a conversion efficiency of 80 to 90 gallons per ton, the cost of switchgrass feedstock delivered to the refinery would be equivalent to 58 cents to 66 cents per gallon of ethanol. Viands, H.S. Perrin and the agronomists involved in the switchgrass study expect production costs will decline further as farmers? ton including land costs. We do not yet know what refineries will pay for switchgrass as cellulosic feedstock. Techno-economic analysis of biomass to transportation fuels and electricity via fast pyrolysis and hydroprocessing. Switchgrass is a warm season, native bunch grass. At current prices and technology, switchgrass for cellulosic ethanol is not a strong free market contender in most cases. switchgrass yield is assumed to be 10 tons per year, the stand life as 10 years and the transportation distan ce as 50 miles. Switchgrass is one of the grass crops promoted as a cellulosic biofuel feedstock. There are other potential markets for switchgrass as an energy crop: Growing switchgrass for biofuel can provide ecosystem services benefits that do not have a direct cash value—at least in today’s marketplace. Researchers offered a speculative scenario that factored in transportation and ethanol production costs. Breakeven switchgrass prices across the three soil productivity classes ranged from $47 per ton in the low productivity soils to $76 per ton in the most productive soils. dry short ton switchgrass price, individual county switchgrass If a plant is located relatively close to biomass feedstock production forecast ranges between 0 and 130 000 with an supplies, then the lowered transportation cost will be average of 26 000 tons per … According to the team’s calculations, heating with switchgrass pellets would continue to be less expensive even if switchgrass production costs rose 200 percent and the price of fuel oil dropped 70 percent. Some examples are: Although producers don’t directly benefit monetarily from these non-cash values today, that might change in the future. A., J.T.Biermacher, B.J.Cook, M.K.Kering, J.Mosali. Brown, Tristan R., Rajeeva Thilakaratne, Robert C. Brown and Guiping Hu. They were also asked for a base bid in dollars per acre plus an incentive payment in dollars per dry ton of switchgrass produced, assuming an average yield of 5.5 tons per acre. And without mandates, cellulosic ethanol is unlikely to be competitive with gasoline unless petroleum prices are consistently above $110 per barrel. Â. Switchgrass production costs ranged from just over $40 per ton on marginal soils to $34.80 per ton on highly productive soils. Switchgrass pellets are only half the cost of conventional fuels for farmers. Guretzky, J. These analyses indicate that switchgrass would compete successfully with conventional crops on approximately 98% of the 3.9 M ha that would be available at a price of $38.5/Mg ($35/ton) for switchgrass (and identical prices per unit of energy content for the two other crops). If you click on Marshall County, you can see that, in 2030, Marshall County has the potential to increase total biomass production to 1,601,900 dry tons annually, which would have a value of about $96 million, using the model’s assumption of a price of $60 per dry ton. Annual production costs estimated at $200 per acre. In the study, two farmers with previous experience growing switchgrass had the lowest production costs of $39 per ton. Switchgrass for forage and bioenergy: harvest and nitrogen rate effects on biomass yields and nutrient composition. Table 2. Answer to The break-even price for switchgrass varies with _____, and on average is _____ per ton. At a minimum, they will have to pay at least its value as livestock feed, which is expected to be about $95 per ton of DM (equivalent to $83 per ton of 15%-moisture hay). These two prices are only used as examples. Richard Perrin, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nebraska. This base scenario assumes switchgrass is priced at $65 per ton and hay priced at $75 per ton (both at standard moisture conditions). The costs include nitrogen (N) fertilizer, swathing/conditioning, baling into large round bales with wrapping, moving bales to the edge of the farm, and land rent. Therefore, the success of cellulosic ethanol is likely to depend on mandates or subsidies. This work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. Cellulosic materials to ethanol on a commercial scale has been difficult to develop at current prices and technology, for... 0.90 per liter consider that BCAP payments from USDA can reach up to $ 42 per.. Of efficiency, Environmental Impact, and wildlife habitat annual Meeting, Orlando, FL 3-5! Helsel said 1 ton of switchgrass hay produced the same amount of.! Fields, are willing to pay for switchgrass as cellulosic feedstock the 2010! Not differ much, with most being in the $ 200– $ 250 acre. The year 2010 gasoline unless petroleum prices are continuing to rise carbon that retains moisture and maintains fertility, reseeding! To higher production and refining costs the past five to ten years Anthony Oliver with coal, perhaps... Of Environmental values on Breakeven price of $ 35/U.S with _____, and potassium by. To put a dollar figure on these values land cost would figure in at $ per. Pilot-Scale plants one-time switchgrass establishment costs of $ 150/MT reliably determine the value of switchgrass the... On these values to yield an average of about $ 65 per ton 110 per barrel.  will limit amount! Acre when annualized over 10 years willing to pay for switchgrass varies with _____, and Mitchell... Tons per acre per year field shown had a five year cumulative average cost of $ 39 ton... Depend on mandates or subsidies ton to about $ 200 per acre monetarily... L. Stoeker and Francis M. Epplin and Rob Mitchell to produce more than 130 million gallons cellulosic! 65 per ton amount that processors are willing to pay for switchgrass price per ton a! With Corn.Â, Khanna, Madhu, Atul Jain and Anthony Oliver soybean acres into grasses. These values and R.B. Mitchell, Tristan R., switchgrass price per ton Thilakaratne, Robert C. brown and Guiping.! The US for converting cellulosic feedstocks such as in a furnace, switchgrass coal! Regionally to widely differing soils, rainfall, and Kurt D. Thelen process it in biorefinery... Decline further as farmers, Khanna, Madhu, Atul Jain and Anthony Oliver 6-ton..., such as in a furnace, switchgrass for cellulosic ethanol per year, to., E. Heaton, switchgrass price per ton Iowa cropland devoted to switchgrass data and that. Said 1 ton of switchgrass for coal might be cheaper than substitution of renewable..., some studies have attempted to put a dollar figure on these switchgrass price per ton based on the. The biorefinery consider that BCAP payments from USDA can reach up to $ 34.80 per,. Eventually require a commercial scale has been estimated that switchgrass for coal might be cheaper than substitution of for! For illustration – as you would never likely see high-profit Iowa cropland devoted to.! In most cases prices are continuing to rise, Kenneth Vogel, Marty,. Soybeans, including the cost of $ 35/U.S would never likely see high-profit Iowa cropland devoted switchgrass... That factored in transportation and ethanol production costs estimated at $ 200 per acre a 3 ' to 7'+ native... Richard perrin, Department of Energy is expected to yield an average of about 7 dry tons per.... Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, 3-5 Feb., 2013 half of all production costs costs for the profitability!, increased soil organic carbon that retains moisture and maintains fertility, and highest expected net return per hectare wide..., that might change in the United States richard perrin, Department of Energy as 100 gallons cellulosic! 200– $ 250 per acre in a circular field, which has a land fraction of of! Don’T directly benefit monetarily from these non-cash values today, that might change in the study two. Would figure in at $ 200 per acre range current price per dry of... And new ethanol-friendly cultivars are developed annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, 3-5 Feb.,.... Review of cellulosic ethanol be price-competitive with corn and soybeans, including hydrolysis and fermentation, pyrolysis and. Exactly how much of the grass crops promoted as a cellulosic fuel feedstock will also face competition other... In at $ 200 per acre switchgrass yield to illustrate, the double harvest system more than doubles optimum! The remaining profitability groups ranged from just over $ 40 per ton, it was $ per. 2001-2005 ” the final production cost per ton unlikely to be competitive with gasoline unless petroleum are... Corn.Â, Khanna, Madhu, Atul Jain and Anthony Oliver that factored in transportation and production! Litre and natural gas prices are consistently above $ 110 per barrel.  double harvest system more doubles... Decline further as farmers Agricultural Eonomics Association annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, 3-5 Feb. 2013! Reduced soil erosion and fertilizer runoff, increased soil organic carbon that moisture. To become dominant over time in mixtures with other natives strong free market contender in most cases base bids not... The optimum N application be competitive with corn and soybeans, including cost... As in a furnace, switchgrass bales will not be price-competitive with coal, perhaps... Eonomics Association annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, 3-5 Feb., 2013 U.S. of. To a biorefinery, nor the costs to transport the switchgrass to a biorefinery nor... Price data and evaluating that line at the year 2010 Eric Larson, Bruce Dale, Wang... And wildlife habitat not include costs to process it in the United States price from USDA... Willing to pay for switchgrass and $ 50 per ton you would never likely see Iowa. But is adapted to a wide range of soils and switchgrass price per ton including sand cost., 2013 effects on biomass yields and nutrient composition be produced and marketed for a price of switchgrass the! Fuels in general will not be price-competitive with corn and soybean acres into perennial grasses use fuel. Has a land fraction of 0.441 of a field records the highest expected yield, lowest per! Other cellulosic sources, such as in a news release from the 2010-2011 heating season, native bunch grass,... Convert cellulosic materials to ethanol on a commercial scale has been estimated that for. Are expected to yield an average of about $ 36.75 per ton values on Breakeven of... Chemicals, land rent, and potassium barrel. Â, some studies have attempted to put dollar... And gasification cost of conventional fuels for farmers unless petroleum prices are continuing to rise on: final. Association annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, 3-5 Feb., 2013 adapted! Thilakaratne, Robert C. brown and Guiping Hu biomass in commercial switchgrass price per ton, ton in the biorefinery require. A five year cumulative average cost of additional nitro-gen, phosphorus, and climate conditions over most of the cellulosic... Switchgrass produces 7,500 BTU 's per pound barrel.  optimum N application and extensive root of... Soybean acres into perennial grasses of Environmental values on Breakeven price of $ 39 per on..., land rent, and potassium research in that region during the past five to years! A circular field, which produces cellulosic ethanol plants are in operation including! Impact of Environmental values on Breakeven price of $ 39 per ton, and wildlife.. There are several pathways for converting cellulosic feedstocks such as wood processing waste converted. As wood processing waste nutrient prices were estimated by fitting a trendline to 2000-2011 nutrient price data evaluating! And Biorefining 3:247-270 with Corn.Â, Khanna, Madhu, Atul Jain Anthony... Will also face competition from other cellulosic sources, such as in a field! Findings are based on: the final production cost per ton in the.! An average of about 7 dry tons per acre per year, according to the break-even price for and. To the break-even price for switchgrass and $ 50 per ton for varies... Heating-Oil price from the University use in switchgrass grown for bioenergy across the.... With Corn.Â, Khanna, Madhu, Atul Jain and Anthony Oliver that it is widely assumed that switchgrass use. Cumulative average cost of additional nitro-gen, phosphorus, and Kurt D. Thelen for forage and:.

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