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That’s approximately seven football fields every hour, and a 25 percent increase over the previous 6 … The absence … A Coastal Commission staffer said the Coastal Act was meant to protect coastal resources from new development – and that “community character” is one of those resources. In Bangladesh and Thailand, coastal mangrove forests — important buffers against storms and tidal waves — are giving way to ocean water. Coastal management Coasts can be protected from erosion through hard engineering, like sea walls, and soft engineering, like beach nourishment. ... which are unable to cope with bad weather. It'll Get Worse Before It Gets Better In Europe, these are largely areas like Majorca, Ibiza, the south of Spain, coastal Portugal, Croatia, and the Greek Islands. Coastal hazards are physical phenomena that expose a coastal area to risk of property damage, loss of life and environmental degradation. Development can block the inland migration of wetlands in response of sea level rise, and change the amount of sediment delivered to coastal areas and accelerate erosion. There are three main factors which increase vulnerability at the coast - physical, social and economic. Sedimentation from coastal development, urban stormwater runoff, forestry, and agriculture Sedimentation has been identified as a primary stressor for the existence and recovery of coral species and their habitats. An overall review of tourism research on the environment shows that nations do not give priority to environmental sustainability and disregard it to the benefit of economic development. These have both positive and negative effects. Why are some coastal communities vulnerable? In Tanzania and Mozambique the potential for growth of this sector is huge. While these activities provide many economic and social benefits, coastal developments can have a negative impact on the Reef’s health. Sediment deposited onto reefs can smother corals and interfere with their ability to feed, grow, and reproduce. Tourism development in the coastal environment has interfaced with the original characteristics of the area upon which it relied for attracting tourists. Pollution, logging, dredging, draining of wetlands, and coastal development are all factors that lead to marine habitat destruction. Coastal tourism and Industrial development Coastal tourism contributes significantly to local economies of the region, particularly Kenya, where it accounts for a large and increasing proportion of foreign currency earnings. Every year, thousands of people flock to the warm, sunny beaches of coastal areas. Coastal Development. Rapid-onset hazards last over periods of minutes to several days and examples include major cyclones accompanied by high winds, waves and surges or tsunamis created by submarine earthquakes and landslides. 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